Chaplin and the film

Biography:

Charlie Chaplin born Charles Spencer Chaplin, Jr and later and knighted Sir Charles Chapin (shortly before he died) he was an actor. He was born on the 16th of April 1889.In England , to be more precise born in the poorest part of London.
His character the tramp ( Charlot pour les francophones) made his first appearance in « Kid auto races in Venice» on February 7th, 1914. He plays the part of a homeless person who has the sophisticated manners of a gentleman.He carries a bamboo cane, wearing a bowler hat, dressed in a narrow jacket and in a pants which fall onto his big shoes. This look was to win him the reputation of miserable and sly, antisocial and stubborn, rebel and of being a sentimental "tramp".

In 1940, he shot the film "The Great Dictator". He portrayed,Hitler by use of a moustache and attacked the dictatorship which was poisoning Europe. Hitler and Mussolini were shown in a mocking way, and became Hynkel and Napoleoni. The German Ambassador in the United States campaigned to forbid the shooting of the film. All Hollywood, at that time, being afraid of repercussions, asked Chaplin to give up his project. But the film-maker received the support of the President Franklin Roosevelt. The President invited him ,some weeks after the release of the film, to the White House, to recite the final speech. The film was forbidden every continent, but a rumour circulated that Hitler would have seen it, in a private showing. In France, it was only released in 1946. At this time, Chaplin finaly entered the era of the sound cinema and signed the death sentence of the small tramp.

                                    

 

 

About the film:

 

Original title: The Great Dictator

Origin: United Kingdom

French title: le dictateur

Realization and scenario: Charlie Chaplin

Production: United artists

The music: Charlie Chaplin (inspiration: Wagner and Brahms).

DirectionMusicale: Meredith Wilson

Production assistants: dan James, Wheeler Dryden and Bob Meltzer Chief cameramen: Karl Struss and Roland Totheroh

Décors: J. Russell spencer assembly(editing): Willard Nico Son: Percy Townsend and Gleen Rominger

the 4 main characters:

-The Barber, played by Charlie Chaplin

-Hynkel (dictator of the Tomania) played by Charlie Chaplin

-Hannah (neighbour of the barber) played by Paulette Goddard

-Schultz (setting against Hynkel and friend of the barber) played by Reginald Gardiner

start of the shooting:In September 9th,

1939: 8 days after the invasion of Poland by the Nazis, 6 days after the declaration of war of Great Britain and France in Germany.

Exit date (release): in October 15th, 1940 (United States) And Mars 1945 (in France) time: 120 min (Black and White) Cinéma:140 min: it is the first full-length film with speach in wich chaplin apears

main sets:

-the German cities under 2 world wars

-the workshop of the Barber

- the office(desk) of the dictator Kind(Genre): satiric Comedy The main themes:

-the anti-Semitism

-the authoritarianism

-the war

-the comic

 

In this film Charlie Chaplin plays two parts the dictator and the jewish barber. The characters are complete opposites. The jewish barber is nice and caring he thinks of helping others. He is simple minded and doesn't understand what is happening, he tries to save a girl from what for him is a big brute but is actually one of Hynkel's lacky's following his orders. The dictator named Hynkel is nasty and only cares about himself. He wants to exterminate and control all that is different from what he wants and knows. He wants to have only a pure race people (Aryens) in the world and to him the rest of them are scum. Does Hynkel remind you of anyone? No? Yes! He does , he is a copy of Hitler , they both wanted a superior race to prone over the rest of the world , they both wanted to control everything, they were both of unlimited intelligence ( at least that's what they thought) they both believed that they were the most inteligent, the most handsome and that no one else compared to them. 

 

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