The second world war
A military conflict that went on from 1939 to 1945 and was the most devastating war the world had seen, in terms of human lives and material destruction. It broke out in 1939 mostly under the form of European conflict opposing mainly the Germans and the anglo-french coalition, but quickly grew into a world wide conflict becoming so widespread, implicating almost all the nations in the globe. When the war ends in 1945, the world is endowed with a new equilibre, which was dominated by the United States and by the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republicans (USSR)
World War II, or the Second World War (often abbreviated WWII or WW2), was a global military conflict between 1939 and 1945, which involved most of the world's nations, including all great powers, organised into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.
Within three years, Germany and the Axis powers had occupied most of Europe, and most of Northern Africa, East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean. However, with the reversal of the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, the Allies gained the upper hand from 1942 onwards. By 1945, Allied armies had invaded German-held Europe from all sides. Nazi forces, engaged in numerous violent acts during the war, including the systematic murder of as many as 17 million civilians, an estimated six million of whom were Jews targeted in the Holocaust.
Nazism (National Socialism), denotes the totalitarian ideology and practice of the Nazi Party, and of Adolf Hitler’s government of Nazi Germany from1933 to 45. Nazism is a variety of fascism that incorporated policies, tactics, and philosophic tenets from Left- and Right-wing ideologies
After the First World War (1914–18) in Weimar Germany (1919–33), the Nazis were among various right-wing political parties who called their ideologies National Socialism, and themselves as National Socialists. In 1920, the Nazi Party published the National Socialist Program — the key tenets were:
anti-parliamentarism, Pan-Germanism, racism, collectivism, Social Darwinism, eugenics, anti-Semitism, anti-Communism, totalitarianism, and opposition to economic and political liberalism.
Despite such intellectual bases, by the 1930s, Nazism was not an ideology, but a conflation of ideas, concepts, and philosophy meant to realise the mythic Großdeutschland ( The Greater Germany).
Nowadays in the Federal Republic of Germany, the ideology, and literature of Nazism are outlawed. However there exists a native Neo-Nazism, with subscribers world-wide where ancient traces like the Swastika, SS runes, uniforms, are still use by white supremacist racist followers in Europe and North America.
The ressemblances between Hitler and Hynkel:
On the poster below ( on the left), we can observe Charles Chaplin embodying Hynkel, dictator of Tomania, with an aggressive expression on the face. His mustache reminds us of that of Hitler, his uniform that of the Nazis, the double cross on its armband and on his helmet, like that of the swastika. The red color of the flag behind him reminds us of the war, the violence, the blood, but also the color surrounding the swastika. We suppose that he is making a speech because there is a microphone on his right. He is raising his fist in the direction of the people, the sign of strength and encouragement, alienation in the style of Hitler.
To finish, we notice that the characters used for "Charlie Chaplin" And those of the "Dictator" are different:
Those used to write "Charlie Chaplin" are written with a soft color and round characters, letting us feel his humor, while those used for "Dictator" are red like Nazi colors with straight characters, showing the harshness of this regime. In the film we can also notice a few more things:
Hitler becomes « Hynkel »
Hermann Göring becomes « Herriche » who is the military adviser
Goebbels becomes « Garbitssch »
Mussolini becomes « Napoléoni »